Railway infrastructure (including level crossings) and vehicle safety
ORR has powers of investigation and enforcement to ensure that railway operators are controlling risks posed by infrastructure (including level crossings) and railway vehicles.
Infrastructure is the fixed assets used for the operation of the railway. It is land and property, signalling, power installations, and other equipment. Examples include stations, tracks, level crossings, tunnels and electrified lines.
Vehicles are the locomotives or coaches than run on guided rails.
Road rail interface programme of risk reduction as a result of the Great Heck train crash on 28 February 2001 in which 10 people were fatally injured.
A signal passed at danger (SPAD) occurs when a train passes a stop signal without authority to do so.