Health and safety investigation and enforcement powers

ORR provides advice to the industry and, also has a range of formal enforcement powers under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

How we investigate incidents

How we are informed when a serious incident occurs and how we work with other bodies in the railway to find out what has happened and why.

Enforcement powers and policy

A description of the range of powers that our inspectors have at their disposal.

Enforcement penalties

A list of the maximum penalties that are available on conviction for health and safety offences in the Magistrates' Courts and the Crown Court.

Enforcement action to date

Details of improvement notices and prohibition notices served by inspectors, and details of prosecutions in England and Wales taken by inspectors and the Procurator Fiscal in Scotland.

Handling RAIB recommendations

Our role in handling recommendations from the Rail Accident Investigation Branch (RAIB).


An overview of the Health and Safety (Enforcing Authority for Railways and Other Guided Transport Systems) Regulations 2006 (as amended) (EARR).

Overturning of a tram at Sandilands junction, Croydon

Shortly after 6:00 AM on Wednesday 9 November 2016, a tram, travelling from New Addington to Wimbledon on the Croydon Tramlink Network derailed and overturned on a curve approaching Sandilands junction. Seven people lost their lives and many more were injured.