Road enforcement powers

This page contains the Office of Rail and Road's (ORR) monitoring framework and enforcement policy for Highways England, titled "Holding Highways England to account". It sets out how we monitor Highways England's performance, and how we identify, escalate and resolve areas of concern.

As the Highways Monitor, we have powers to enforce Highways England's compliance with the Road Investment Strategy and/or its licence. Under section 11 of the Infrastructure Act 2015, we can require Highways England to take certain actions or, in the event of a serious contravention of its duties, can fine the company.

The way in which we will go about using our enforcement powers is set out in our Holding Highways England to account policy. We consulted on a draft version of this policy in January 2020, and in March produced our final version. This new policy replaces our previous monitoring framework and enforcement policy and comes into effect for the start of road period 2.

Publications and updates

All published documentation relating to our enforcement role.