Market study into the supply of automatic ticket gates and ticket vending machines
We carried out a market study into automatic ticket gates (ATGs) and ticket vending machines (TVMs) to review how the markets are working and to ensure the market conditions facilitate competition and innovation.
30 September 2019
We have published an update paper setting out the progress against the recommendations made in our final report, namely:
- Establishing an industry working group to consider issues in the ATG market.
- Industry working together to find a solution to improve access to the TfL network.
- Delivering the commitments provided by RDG to improve RDG accreditation.
Update paper and annexes:
- Market study update PDF, 159 Kb
- Annex A – Terms of Reference for the working group PDF, 450 Kb
- Annex B – Slides from TfL workshop (redacted)
- Annex C – Progress against RDG commitments PDF, 232 Kb
- Annex D – Letter from RDG PDF, 881 Kb
13 March 2019
We published our final report concluding our formal market study. This report outlines our findings and recommendations on how to tackle the market issues we identified. The recommendations are aimed at improving the functioning of the ATG and TVM markets through increasing rivalry, improving value for money, and, importantly, in the long term, increasing the potential for innovation and the introduction of new approaches to retail and revenue protection.
25 January 2019
We published a discussion paper that invited comments on our current thinking on how to address key issues identified in our market study. This paper also outlined the progress RDG has made against the commitments it provided to address issues with RDG accreditation and adjustments to those commitments.
- Discussion paper PDF, 242 Kb
- Annex A – RDG commitments letter PDF, 785 Kb
- Annex B – RDG progress letter PDF, 415 Kb
- Annex C – RDG delivery plan PDF, 247 Kb
- Annex D – How ORR uses information PDF, 243 Kb
Summary of responses to update paper
5 November 2018
We invited submissions from stakeholders on the issues raised and the proposed remedies set out in the update paper. In total, we received six responses from train operating companies (purchasers of ATGs and TVMs), suppliers of ATGs and TVMs, and third party retailers. On 5 November 2018 we published a summary of those responses.
13 September 2018
We have published the emerging findings in our market study. These include concerns that the market for ATGs is a near-monopoly with weak competition, with buyers of gates potentially paying too much. For TVMs, we expressed concerns about service quality and the availability of machines.
We are proposing to work with industry to improve competition, value and innovation in the supply chains for ATGs and TVMs in Great Britain.
- Update paper
- Annex A - Safety report
- Annex B - Accreditation
- Annex C - RDG letter
- Notice of decision not to make a market investigation reference
- Press release - ORR calls on industry to improve competition and innovation in the markets for ticket gates and ticket vending machines
Launch of market study
14 March 2018
We launched a market study into ATGs and TVMs. This study follows our work looking into the wider markets for ticketing equipment and systems.
In the course of this work, we identified concerns that high concentration and a lack of effective competition may be causing higher prices, reductions in quality, and stifling innovation of ATGs and TVMs.
- Market study notice
- Statement of scope
- Press release: ORR launches market study into ticket vending machines and automatic ticket gates
Market study timetable
|14 March 2018||Launch of market study|
|4 April 2018||Deadline for responses to the statement of scope|
|13 September 2018||Publication of update paper|
|11 October 2018||Deadline for responses to update paper|
|25 January 2019||Publication of discussion paper|
|8 February 2019||Deadline for responses to discussion paper|
|13 March 2019||Final report published|