Economic regulation research

We are carrying out research projects that will help shape economic regulation in the context of a changing rail industry. These projects will look at how the rail system functions as a whole, and in particular how rail bodies and train operators are incentivised to deliver for customers.

Review of train performance incentives

Our review of train performance incentives is looking at what drives decisions that affect train punctuality and reliability. Such mechanisms include, for example, the terms of track access contracts and franchise agreements, and potential licence enforcement action.

Our review will engage with decision-makers in the rail industry to help us understand how these mechanisms influence train performance. From this evidence base, we will consider the case for any changes to our regulatory tools.