Network Rail regulation

Network Rail is the monopoly owner and operator of the railway network, including track, signalling, bridges, tunnels and stations.

We hold network rail to account for delivering what it promised – at the amount it agreed to do it for – and we require it to meet its obligation to provide a safe, high-performing, and efficient railway.

We do this by enforcing compliance with its licences and by conducting five-yearly reviews that set its funding and what it must achieve within the relevant control period.

Price controls

We hold Network Rail to account for delivering what it promised by enforcing compliance with its licences and by conducting five-yearly reviews that set its funding and what it must achieve within a control period.

Monitoring performance

We monitor Network Rail's performance on a continuous basis - against: targets in the latest access charges review, obligations in its network licence and forecasts in its own business plan.

Network licence

Network Rail operates under a network licence. This licence contains a set of conditions under which Network Rail must operate.

Enforcement powers

What powers we have to enforce compliance with the network licence and our policies on when (and why) we would do so.