Health and safety

It's our responsibility to ensure that those responsible make Britain's railways safe for passengers and provide a safe place for staff to work.

Britain now has one of the safest railways in Europe – for passengers and for workers, but we cannot be complacent. There is always more the industry can do to improve this country's health and safety record even further. We regulate health and safety for the entire mainline rail network in Britain, as well as London Underground, light rail, trams and the heritage sector.

Passenger safety

Information and advice for passengers on station safety issues such as platform gaps and stepping distances, and an explanation of our role in regulating health and safety aspects of passenger crowding.

Railway infrastructure (including level crossings) and vehicle safety

Guidance on level crossings, signals passed at danger, train protection, rail/road interface, rolling stock and crime.

Investigation and enforcement powers

As well as giving advice to the industry, we also have a range of formal enforcement powers given to us under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

Reporting RIDDOR incidents

This page provides an overview of the types of accidents and incidents that need to be reported and how they can be reported.

Occupational health

Advice and guidance on occupational health matters for railway managers and employees.

Health and safety strategy and guidance

Our health and safety strategy for the railways sets our vision and priorities.

Health and safety laws

An overview of the main rail-specific legislation that we enforce using our health and safety powers under the Health and Safety and Work etc. Act 1974.

Apply for permissions, certificates or authorisations

We grant health and safety permissions and approvals to railway operators. There is detailed guidance on how to apply.

Annual health and safety report

The ORR annual report on health and safety 2019/20 stresses that safety across Britain's railways has improved over the last 12 months but more needs to be done to tackle the impacts of climate change.